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“Different and New,” a New Tomorrow for Seoul’s Education System

Major Policies of Seoul’s Education System in 2020

새해에도 서울시교육청의 담대한 전진은 계속 이어진다. 2020년을 맞아 서울교육이 ‘다르게 새롭게’ 힘찬 출발을 준비하고 있다. ‘미래’, ‘책임’, ‘자치’라는 세 가지 키워드를 바탕으로 서울교육이열어갈 새로운 내일의 모습은 어떨까?

The bold moves of the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education (SMOE) will continue into 2020. Seoul’s Education System is preparing for a powerful start in the new year–“Different and New.” Seoul’s Education System will open a new tomorrow under the three key words of “Future,” “Responsibility,” and “Autonomy.” Let us take a glance at the tomorrow of Seoul’s Education System through the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education’s major policies for 2020.

Future – Raising Future People of Talent in the “Future”

Restructure vocational high schools according to industrial changes and cultivate talent accordingly
◎ Restructure departments at vocational high schools
◎Enhance competitiveness of vocational high schools through departmental restructuring according to growth engines of the 4th Industrial Revolution
◎ NCS curriculum support schools: 80
◎Offer operational budget support for specialized programs to strengthen special purpose high schools’ educational capabilities
◎ Apprentice schools integrating industry and education: 10 Project groups: 24 schools

Support IoT- and AI-based education to strengthen students’ future capabilities
◎ Support for physical computing equipment
◎ Pilot schools leading IoT- and AI-based education: 3 schools
◎ Set up teacher learning communities (1 team for each elementary, middle, and high school) and operate workshops for staff in charge
◎ Support IoT- and AI-based education programs (SW Education Experience Center) and “Maker” students (20 schools).

“Classroom Revolution”–Operate distinctive curriculums by school level
◎ Kindergartens–learning through play
• Revised “Nuri” Curriculum 2019: curriculum centered on children and play based on children’s initiatives and teacher’s autonomy
• Characteristics of revised “Nuri” Curriculum 2019
– Establishment of a framework as a national level curriculum
– Reestablishment of children- and play-centered curriculum
– Simplification of the contents in five areas to focus on experience and play
– Emphasis on teachers’ practical abilities and autonomy in the field
• Support of teacher training to help aid in understanding and implement the revised Nuri Curriculum 2019.
• Distribution of three booklets on the revised Nuri Curriculum 2019

◎ Elementary schools that teach the basics of life
• Operation of customized courses for stability and growth of first and second graders in 2020.
– Financial support for tools for learning through play and classroom cleaning services
– Offering of chances for integrated learning opportunities based on cooperation and play through the operation of a fun learning curriculum
– Teacher capability building and preliminary parent training and promotion to revitalize an education community that grows together
• “Our Dream Classroom” innovation for third to sixth graders to implement collaborative curriculums to foster creative and emotional intelligence
– Project-centered curriculum-class-evaluation innovations based on student initiatives, teachers’ self-motivation and cooperation
– Financial support to cover class operation expenses by grade, team (topic), and classroom: 3,700 classrooms
– Organization and operation of the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education Advisory Group, the on-site support groups for the District Office of Education, and specialized learning communities to support classroom innovation
• Creation of “Playground of Dreams 2020,” a participatory space where students create play using their own imaginations
– Building of platforms that embrace diversity and expandability of play: 31 schools, KRW 150 million per school

◎ Middle schools that foster autonomous capabilities
• Support for 400 mutual growth class teams in 2020
→ 1,200 teams in 2022
• “Mutual Growth Classroom” for Seoul-type project classes
– A project class that realizes the integration of curriculum, class, and evaluation through collaborative reading and student-led inquiry activities based on curriculum restructuring around core concepts

◎ High schools that design the future
• Support for open-type elective curriculum: 191 general high schools, 39 autonomous private high schools
• Operation of 9 high school credit system research schools and 31 leading schools
• Designation and operation of shared campus and continuous operation of interschool cooperative curriculum system (integration-type, foothold-type, interactive online-type)
• Support for the creation of high school credit system education space

Innovative future-oriented schools that imagine the “future” and code “happiness”

◎ Key tasks of innovative future-oriented schools

Innovative future-oriented schools that imagine the “future” and code “happiness”

Responsibility – Wider, Deeper, and Closer Responsibility

Ways to secure Seoul students’ basic education in 2020

Ways to secure Seoul students’ basic education in 2020

Seoul’s Warmhearted and Unbiased Special Purpose Education
◎ Responsible education that maximizes everyone’s potential
• Organize and operate a special school curriculum that reflects the school conditions and characteristics of disabilities

◎ Safe and comfortable special purpose education environment
• Implement experience-based school safety education to protect students with disabilities in disaster situations

◎ Social integration that prepares for the future
• Specialize career and vocational education for students of special purpose schools
• Set up a local community-centered, one-stop employment support system in cooperation with related organizations

◎ School culture that we growing together
• Build a system to promote and support a disability empathy culture
• Enhance human rights protection for students with disabilities

Operate intensive study year system in second grade to guarantee basic education
◎ Enhance first and second grade curriculum to pursue stability and growth
◎Operate an intensive study year system for second graders to guarantee basic education
◎ Operate the Eureka Project for second graders
• Eureka Project: An integrated support program that helps students acquire all basic education  (3R’s) by encouraging them to shout, “Eureka (Aha!)”
◎ Increased manpower for personalized student staff

Expanded operation of Educare provided by public kindergartens
◎ Expansion of after-school courses at public kindergartens
• Expand Educare in line with new/expanded kindergartens in 2020: 27 classes in 16 kindergartens
• Expand afternoon Educare services: from 53 kindergartens in 2019 → 251 kindergartens in 2021
– Expand Educare to include children from dual income families and extend hours until after-school care demand has peaked

◎ Diversification of after-school courses at public kindergartens

• Care dualization with Educare and Afternoon Educare
• Afternoon Educare as tailored after-school courses customized for parents’ needs

◎ Improvement of after-school courses in public kindergartens
• Operate as “play- and rest-centered” care activities
• Enhance public kindergarten services and parents’ satisfaction by diversifying and expanding after-school courses

Expansion of elementary school care class and improvement of operations
◎ Provide caring service to all applicants through expansion of concentrated care recipients

◎ Establish and operate a full-day care system with the local community
◎ Operate customized care classes reflecting the characteristics of each grade and the needs of parents
◎ Plan to expand elementary school care class

Personalized student support according to causes of underachievement
◎ Run “Multifaceted Support Team” to offer customized support for each factor of underachievement
◎ Establish local learning support centers for on-site support
◎ Run exclusive teams for dyslexia and borderline intellectual functioning

새해에도 서울시교육청의 담대한 전진은 계속 이어진다. 2020년을 맞아 서울교육이 ‘다르게 새롭게’ 힘찬 출발을 준비하고 있다. ‘미래’, ‘책임’, ‘자치’라는 세 가지 키워드를 바탕으로 서울교육이열어갈 새로운 내일의 모습은 어떨까?

Autonomy – A Bigger World Being Built Together by Everyone Playing the Role of a Leader

Reading & debate class on social issues
◎ Reading & debate class on social issues
• Select current controversial issues as topics
• Encourage critical reading about controversial issues and presentation of students’ own points of view
• Lead reading & debate class to cultivate students’ social skills in democratic settings

◎ Project class support through in-school friendship
• Implement project learning by topic through convergence education between subjects
• Empower students as democratic citizens

◎ Presentation contest on social engagement between Seoul students
• Promote students’ democratic citizenship
• Promote discussions about a connected society’s controversial issues reflected in individual actions and social engagement

Seoul-type innovative education district policy that seeks the second step of qualitative development
◎ Enhancement of school-community cooperation system for the autonomous growth of all students
• Strengthen school-community relationship for the “Only One” education that leaves no one behind
• Pursue a virtuous cycle relationship between community and school in education competencies while increasing support for community-linked curriculum to promote learning rooted in the real world
• Reinvigorate community education activities (village education community) to improve village-level education competencies

◎ Expansion and development of the public-private-academy governance system supporting balanced growth of everyone involved in education
• Support balanced growth of participants in public-private-academy governance at central, regional, school, and village levels
• Reinvigorate the group activities of local residents, parents, youth, and teachers.
• Promote governance activities at the school or “dong” administrative unit level closest to students’ daily activities

◎ Enhancement of autonomous activities by children and youth through expanded youth infrastructure inside and outside the school
• Complement the support system promoting initiative and self-motivation
• Build core groups in local communities backing up autonomous activities
• Create a variety of platforms that support growth

◎ Support for qualitative leap forward of Seoul-type innovative education districts
• Enhance operational capacity of the Seoul-type Innovative Education District Project through customized consulting and intermediary organizations as well as administrative and financial support
• Support harmonious development of autonomy and accountability of all 25 districts through growth-centered evaluation

“Innovative Autonomous Schools,” created through educational imagination and challenge based on school autonomy

◎ Generalization of elements and principle of school autonomy
• Identify elements and principles that can speed up school autonomy besides legislation at the Office of Education level
– Autonomous school performance analysis and policy research
• Generalize autonomous school operational principles and elements (gradual elimination of the Office of Education’s guidelines and regulations)
– Specify annual action plans including immediate actions and phased applications
• Boost school support based on the “principle of trust” from the perspective of management and supervision

◎ Major operational tasks for autonomous schools

Major operational tasks for autonomous schools

Provision of customized parent education
◎ Parent education during transition periods

• Help parents enhance their capabilities to educate their child through school visits by parents of first and seventh graders together with education on children’s psychology, parents’ roles, and personality and career options

◎ Parent books
• An interactive educational program where selected parent books (instructors) come to school to meet with readers (other parents) to share their experiences and wisdom related to raising children

◎ Parent campus
• 23 affiliated institutions including Lifelong Learning Centers and libraries offering education programs that reflect the characteristics of student parents and local communities

◎ Education for grandparents
• On-site education on caring for grandchildren who go to school, lifestyle guidance, and resolution of conflicts between parents and grandparents on how to raise children

◎ Parent leader education (new in 2020)
• Professional parent education by the Seoul Parents Support Center to support parents’ diverse childcare and education efforts

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